New Delhi: Union Minister for Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation Kumari Selja on Wednesday told the Rajya Sabha that Andhra Pradesh faced a shortfall of almost 20 lakh houses in urban areas and about 13.5 lakh houses in rural areas.
Ms Selja, in her written reply, said that the Centre is aware that there is acute shortage of houses for people below poverty line in the country.
The Technical Group on Estimation of Housing Shortage under the Chairmanship of Prof Amitabh Kundu constituted by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation has estimated the total shortage of dwelling unit at the beginning of the 11th Plan Period (2007) as 247 lakh. Out of this, about 99 per cent shortage estimated for the EWS/LIG category of the population living in the urban areas of the country. In Andhra Pradesh the urban housing shortage has been estimated 1.95 million houses, the Union Minister said.
She further said that the Ministry of Rural Development has reported that the total housing shortage in rural areas throughout the country was 148.25 lakh houses, as per the estimates made by Office of Registrar General of India based on 2001Census.
In Andhra Pradesh, the rural housing shortage was 13,50,282 houses, she said.
Ms Selja further said that housing being a State subject, it is up to the state governments concerned to formulate schemes to address the problem of housing shortage in their respective states. However, to address the housing shortage in urban areas, the Government has launched Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) on December 3, 2005. Under Basic Services to Urban Poor (BSUP) and Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme (IHSDP)- components of JNNURM, Central assistance is provided to States/ Union Territories including Andhra Pradesh to undertake housing and slum infrastructure projects in 65 select cities under BSUP and in other cities/towns under IHSDP.
Ms Selja added that the Centre has also launched Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAY) in 2011 to provide financial assistance to States that are willing to assign property rights to slum dwellers for provision of shelter and basic civic and social services for slum redevelopment, and for creation of affordable housing stock.
To encourage creation of affordable housing stock, the existing schemes of Affordable Housing in Partnership and Interest Subsidy Scheme for Housing the Urban Poor have been dovetailed into RAY. Further, Ministry of Rural Development has reported that Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) is being implemented in the rural areas in the country including Andhra Pradesh.
Under this scheme, financial assistance is provided to rural BPL households for construction of dwelling units. (INN)