In a few days, finance minister Pranab Mukherjee will arrive in the US capital on a trip that is being billed as a major effort to reassure foreign investors about India’s continued medium- and long-term viability as an investment destination.
It is not going to be an easy task, with the India story having lost some of the lustre lately, and a dip in growth rate, the growth of 7.8% in first quarter this year was the lowest in five quarters. From an international investor’s perspective, despite relatively strong fundamentals, there’s a long list of worrisome issues.
That includes an inflation that continues to linger. The immediate reaction of the private sector to RBI decision to increase interest rates has not been positive. The unending saga of high-profile corruption cases, which have dented the image of the government of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh , is another one.
Nothing is Happening
Lower returns, compared with China and some other Asian markets, has also been forcing investors to look elsewhere. “China has had huge returns, India hasn’t had,” says Kanwal Rekhi, co-founder of Inventus Capital Partners and a veteran of many US-India ventures. Other pet peeves among investors and fund managers are the slow pace of reforms and regulatory and infrastructure obstacles.
While no one has jumped off the India bandwagon yet, many are not as gung ho about it anymore, as they fear the country might take more time to reach its potential. Those who say India has veered off track include investors with deep Indian roots, such as Rekhi, one of the best-known Indian American investors in Silicon Valley.
“The Indian government shoots itself in the foot all the time. The common wisdom is India is a banana republic. It is always changing rules,” says Rekhi. Specifically, Rekhi blames the country’s tax system. Last year, Sierra Atlantic, a company he was part of, was sold. Rekhi says he did not know how much is owed in taxes due to the sale.
Confusing Tax Policy
He cites the government’s attempts last year to levy tax on Vodafone’s $11-billion purchase of Hutchison Essar as the kind of move that would undermine investor confidence in India. “People like me who are believers in India have a tough time convincing about investing in India,” he says.
The sluggish pace of reform has frustrated investors both in India and abroad. “The government has been very slow on economic reform, much slower than the investors hoped for,” says Anup Maheshwari, a Dubai-based portfolio adviser for BlackRock India Fund . What the investor is going to be looking at is that the government has not been up to speed.
“We would like to see the government do more privatisation. There are some good businesses which have a lot of scalability ahead of them,” Maheswari adds. According to him, financial services, one of the areas still under penetrated in India, could help from lesser regulation. Economic Times